First remove all dust and dirt from the leather with a soft brush or vacuum. Then spray Leather New directly onto the leather. NOTE: Do not allow Leather New to run. Use a soft, dry cloth to rub the liquid well into the leather. Be sure to use a cloth with enough nap to reach down into stitches and carving. Rub thoroughly until foam disappears. Then polish with a clean, dry cloth. Also use Leather New on wet leather to prevent stiffening. Use it on stiff leather to soften it and prevent cracking.